The New Covenant, The Old Covenant and the Covenant of Grace

A covenant is a contract or agreement between two or more persons. “Testament” or “will” is also a translation of the Greek word Diatheikei, and is also what we use to speak of the OT and NT, same word. There are many covenants in the Bible, beginning with what we call the covenant of works in the garden. Then we have the Noahic, the Abrahamic, the Mosaic, the Davidic, and the New Covenant promised by the prophets and fulfilled by Christ. What I want to propose to you is a way of understanding all these covenants relationship to each other and to you: Simply put, that that after the failed Covenant of Works where Adam and Eve failed to obey God in order to have eternal life, there is only one over-arching covenant of Grace, under which you have a number of sub-covenants which all foreshadow the New Covenant under Christ! Christ brought the better promises we needed and is the ultimate fulfillment of all of the OT scriptures.

Now the main point of what we are saying is this: We do have such a high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, and who serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle set up by the Lord, not by a mere human being. Every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices, and so it was necessary for this one also to have something to offer. If he were on earth, he would not be a priest, for there are already priests who offer the gifts prescribed by the law. They serve at a sanctuary that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build the tabernacle: “See to it that you make everything according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.” But in fact the ministry Jesus has received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator is superior to the old one, since the new covenant is established on better promises.”
— Hebrews 8:1-6

Christ is our Great High Priest of a new administration. We might call the Old Covenant/Testament the Beta Version or 1.0 of the Covenant of grace and the New Covenant/Testament the 2.0, new version. Some things are different, some things are the same but their origin and essence are the same: Grace. If you are still asking “what does this have to do with my life?” Let me just give you a brief list of just a few of the many promises you are set to receive when you have believed on the Lord Jesus Christ and entered the New Covenant with Him:

  • Joy Unspeakable

  • Peace that surpasses all understanding

  • Forgiveness of all your sins past, present, and future.

  • Free entrance into the paradise of heaven when you die.

  • Eternally being with God and enjoying His presence.

  • No more death/sickness/sin in the age to come.

  • A new spiritual family in the church that is eternal!

  • Wisdom and truth in God’s revealed Word to guide you through this treacherous life!

I could keep going...someone once counted 3000 distinct promises! does this sound like a good deal to you? All yours for the asking in faith!

How should we then live? Having received such promises...? Worship? Growing and helping others to grow mature in this faith? Sharing the good news with others so they can take advantage of these promises (why would we deprive others of the opportunity)? Helping the poor with physical needs because God mercifully helped us when we were poor and gives us our daily bread? Absolutely.

In Prayer Today:

Thank God for the better promises you have received in Christ!